Meavy Garden Society Meetings
Meavy Garden Society AGM 2018 was held on Monday 19th February 2018
Meavy Garden Society Meeting, 16th July 2018
Garden Butterflies and Moths - Roger Hooper from Cornwall Butterfly Conservation
The chair in July was taken by Brenda Burt to introduce as our speaker Roger Hooper from the Cornwall Butterfly Conservation, who gave us a beautifully illustrated lecture on garden butterflies and moths.
He began by explaining that Butterfly Conservation was founded in the 1990’s to counter the catastrophic decline in the populations of many butterflies, largely due to more intensive farming methods and the general tidying of the countryside.
Roger started by showing us some showy and well-known species; the Peacock, Small Tortoiseshell and Red Admiral. These all have black, spiky caterpillars that feed on nettles. Some Red Admirals succeed in hibernating and appear early, whilst others migrate from Southern Europe to breed. The earliest butterfly seen by most is the Brimstone, which with its pale yellow wings probably gave the name “butterfly” to the whole category. The bright orange Comma, with its jagged wing outline is another common butterfly although it underwent a severe decline in the 20th century from which it has recovered.
Familiar butterflies of the high summer are the browns; Meadow Brown, Gatekeeper and Ringlet, all of which feed on grasses. Over-familiar are the large and small whites which require control as they are such a pest on food-crops.
The day-flying Humming-bird Hawk Moth brought us to the subject of moths, of which there are 1,500 species in Britain as opposed to some 60 species of Butterflies. Most moths are nocturnal and seldom seen; although subdued in colour some are superbly camouflaged when at rest. The hawkmoths are some of Britain’s largest insects with correspondingly huge caterpillars.
Roger finished his talk by returning to butterflies and some Devon and Cornwall rarities. The White Admiral is found in woodland in East Devon, the very rare Marsh Fritillary has colonies on Exmoor, Dartmoor, and the Lizard; whilst, the extremely rare High Brown Fritillary is found in the Tamar valley.
The subject matter of the talk attracted a number of guests and it is hoped they were as delighted by it as were the good number of Garden Society regulars.
Meavy Garden Society Meeting, 18th June 2018
Growing and Showing Fuchsias - Brian Carlson from Cullompton
The society Chairman, Annie Inman, began the June meeting by reporting on a very successful excursion to Tremenheere and Trengwainton gardens, both near Penzance. She then thanked David Winter, Kay Moore and Janet Jones for setting up and running the plant stall at Meavy Oak Fair, which took over £200.
The speaker was Brian Carlson from Cullompton, who gave a very impressive talk on growing and showing Fuchsias, something he has been doing since 1984. Most fuchsias come from Central and South America, where they were discovered in the 16thcentury. These, originally small-flowered species, sport and hybridize easily, so that there are now over 16,000 different varieties in several groups; upright, trailing, hardy, triphylla and others. They were named in honour of the 17th century German botanist Leonhardt Fuchs – hence the spelling of the name.
Hardy fuchsias grow well in most fertile garden soils. For fuchsias in pots, commercial composts are fine if fresh. To three measures of compost, he adds one of sharp sand and a generous handful of slow-release fertilizer.
Brian grows nearly all his plants from cuttings, which are best taken in September. He brought with him the wherewithal to demonstrate the process – a tray of compost, which must be moist but not wet, a 3 inch and a 4 inch pot and a mother plant. He cut four non-flowering stems below the second leaf under the tip; removed the lowest leaves and inserted the cutting in the compost. This was in an outer ring created by placing the smaller inside the larger pot and filling around it. This saves on compost and when you want to see if the cuttings have rooted you can lift out the centre pot to see. He advised against the use of rooting powder as cuttings root just as well without. However, you should always make sure you label the cuttings with perhaps white labels for upright, blue for trailers and green for hardy fuchsias.
Plants need to be kept just above freezing in winter – not too moist but not bone-dry either. For pests Brian recommended Roseclear and Fungus fighter. He warned that Provado Bug Killer is no longer systemic and is less effective.
Brian finished with a series of superb photos of his own and show plants, which showed the standard that may be achieved. This was an excellent talk, well planned and balanced, and superbly presented. Brian had brought with him a lot of fuchsias and pelargoniums (which he also grows) for sale and as they were all priced at just £1-00 there was quite a rugger scrum to buy them. Some members had brought in various plants for sale and these also were eagerly snapped up.
Meavy Garden Society Meeting, 21st May 2018
Growing and Showing Pelargoniums - Martin Pope from the Plymouth Pelargonium and Fuchsia Society
Our speaker this evening was Martin Pope from the Plymouth Pelargonium and Fuchsia Society, who talked to us on growing and showing pelargoniums.
Having spent much of his life in Berkshire, growing and showing regal pelargoniums, Martin moved down to Devon some twenty years ago, bringing his collection with him. He was disturbed to find that all but a few failed in the humid climate of the South West, so he decided to try breeding some that could, using the survivors from his original collection!
Wherever possible, Martin lets the bees pollinate his plants. He sows the resulting seeds and evaluates seedlings. He looks for a compact naturally bushy plant with healthy bright-green foliage and large, preferably frilly, flowers with good lasting power. Only 2 out of 100 make the grade but he has had several hybrids accepted nationally, all named after members of the family, including Archie the budgie.
After explaining his ways of taking cuttings and growing his plants, Martin detailed the rigorous regime followed by the serious showman. The plants must be pinched to shape 14 weeks before the show. Two months before the show he repots the plants to a pot-size larger to give them a boost. All flower buds should be removed up to three weeks before the show, as this encourages the plant to produce more.
Martin illustrated his talk with photos both of his own plants and also spectacular specimens from the benches of local and national shows. In so doing, he also illustrated other types of pelargoniums such as zonal, ivy-leaved, angel, stellar, scented-leaf and coloured-leaf.
This was very informative talk by a man who clearly knows his stuff and the plants he had brought for sale were quickly snapped up by the members.
Meavy Garden Society Meeting, 16th April 2018
Growing Vegetables (including points about showing) - Ricky Hoskins, a national judge and fellow of the National Vegetable Society
As the March meeting had had to be cancelled due to several inches of snow; we were especially grateful to our April speaker, for stepping in at short notice, to talk about growing and showing vegetables. Ricky Hoskins is very well qualified, being a national judge and a fellow of the National Vegetable Society. He has grown and shown vegetables, and also dahlias, gladioli and chrysanthemums, all his life.
Ricky started his talk with potatoes, which he grows three to a plastic dustbin that has had its base removed and placed on the soil. He fills it one third full with moss peat, horse manure and bone meal. He then scatters slug pellets around the tubers and tops up the bin with more compost. Growing potatoes in peat means they stay very clean.
Ricky enjoys growing giant Kelsae onions, which can easily reach 7 pounds in weight. He lifts these three weeks before the show date and covers the skin with talcum powder which dries it off and gives a good brown colour. He had brought a tray of seedlings for sale which were snapped up by the audience.
Carrots and parsnips Ricky sows in pipes drilled into a drum or dustbin and filled with a mixture of Irish peat, sand and fertilizer. He sows three seeds at the top of each pipe and on germination removes the two weakest seedlings leaving the strongest to grow on. Roots up to two and a half feet long can be produced this way. Plastic tubing is also placed around leeks to produce very long white stems, and Ricky showed photographs of some amazing examples on the show bench and grown, appropriately enough, in Wales. In the North East pot leeks are all the rage. These are short and fat with no more than six inches between the base and the leaves, or “flags”. They are literally grown in “pots” and a well-grown specimen is a magnificent sight. Ricky explained the complex process of producing the “grass”, the tiny leek bulbils from which show leeks are best grown.
He emphasised that for showing, the normal varieties of vegetables are often unsuitable. You have to buy the best quality varieties available, even if it means, say, that a single tomato seed costs 45p! He also stressed that it is a myth that large show vegetables are not good to eat; they are delicious, because they have been fed with all the best nutrients.
Ricky also showed us some of the magnificent gladioli and dahlias he had grown and shown in the past and gave us some tips on growing them. This was a jovial and interesting talk, interspersed with humorous comments, often at the expense of his long-suffering wife, and was much appreciated by the large audience.
Meavy Garden Society Meeting, 19th February 2018
Opening Sheepstor gardens to the public - Patrick Drennan talk on the preparations and pitfalls
After the AGM our speaker was Patrick Drennan, one of our members, who talked of the preparations and pitfalls in opening Sheepstor gardens to the public in aid of the village hall.
When he made the suggestion in order to raise funds, the Hall committee were at first very sceptical, thinking of problems such as security and insurance, but eventually Patrick received the go-ahead. It was agreed that the committee would organise refreshments and Patrick the gardeners. Many were very enthusiastic and they decided on the best time to open. In order to tackle security it was decided that the gardeners should stay in their gardens and let nobody into their houses. Children should be accompanied and all dogs on leads.
A letter was sent to all residents and after an analysis of the responses, a date was set and the ticket price decided to provide admittance to all gardens. Those opening their gardens were asked to supply a three-line description and these were printed on the back of the sheet showing a map of the village and the locations of the gardens. Publicity was organised as well as a raffle and various stalls as additional attractions.
Overall, the exercise proved to be very worthwhile. There was whole village participation and wider community involvement. The opening has since been repeated several times, approximately every two years, and Sheepstor gardens will be open again this year on 19th and 20th of May.
This was a well-presented, well-illustrated and informative talk with a touch of humour. All much appreciated by the members, many of whom have visited Sheepstor gardens in the past.